Philosophy is literally love of wisdom , which deals with general and fundamental questions about existence, knowledge, values, reason, mind, common observation, and language. Often a few terms are associated with it. Here goes a few…
Aphorism A short clever saying that is intended to express a general truth. It is a concise defintion and notably memorable.
Adage It is an aphorism which gained credibility by virtue of long usage. It is a saying often in metaphorical form that typically embodies a common observation
Proverb Short, traditional, and pithy saying; a concise sentence, typically metaphorical or alliterative in form, stating a general truth or piece of advice.
A penny saved is penny earned – Adage
Don’t count your chickens before they hatch. – Proverb
Action speaks louder than words – Aphorism
Differences between these terms
Here we can see the difference also – Proverbs dole out advice, give you something to think about, while adages merely state accepted truths. Where as aphorisms tend to be more direct than proverbs and adages and merely state an observation which is a general truth.